Soapmaking Oils and their benefits:
Natural Base Oils and Essential Oils:
 their Characteristics in Soap
Most Base oils are vegetable, nut or seed oils many of which themselves have therapeutic properties. 

Aloe Vera: nutrient, healing properties.

Argon Oil: Noticeably reduces wrinkles and softens the skin Rich in proteins shown to tighten the skin and protect skin’s elasticity. Promptly regenerates the skin by restarting vital functions of cells to prevent early aging

Sweet Almond Oil :glucosides, minerals, vitamins, rich in protein; Uses: helps relieve itching, dryness inflammation.

Apricot Kernel Oil: minerals and vitamins; Uses: good for all skins especially prematurely aged , inflamed and dry skin.

Avocado Oil: vitamins, protein, lecithin, Uses: Highly therapeutic, not only moisturizing but healing. good for all skins, especially dry and dehydrated, eczema.

Beeswax: has emollient, soothing and softening properties and helps the skin retain moisture do it is often used in cosmetic and skincare products as a thickening agent, emulsifier, and humectant. After processing, beeswax remains a biologically active product retaining anti-bacterial properties. It also contains vitamin A, which is essential for human cell development .Throughout time, people have used it as an antiseptic and for healing wounds.

Borage: gamma linoleic acid, vitamins, minerals; Uses: good for psoriasis, eczema, stimulating the skin, aged.

Carrot Oil: vitamins, minerals, beta carotin; Uses: good for premature aging, itching, dryness, psoriasis eczema, reduces scarring.

Castor Oil: acts as a humectant by attracting and retaining moisture to the skin.

Cocoa Butter: moisturizing qualities ;holds moisture to the skin. skin softener, containing natural antioxidants that prevent rancidity. It is naturally rich in Vitamin E as well as a number of other vitamins and minerals. Vitamin E helps to soothe, hydrate, and balance the skin and also provides the skin collagen which assists with wrinkles and other signs of ageing..

Coconut Oil: combined with olive and palm makes a balanced bar, moisturizing and lathery, to much can be drying.

Flax Oil: Flax Seeds are rich in an Omega-3 series of essential fatty acids called alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), which the body must obtain from external sources because it cannot make it. Flax Seed Oil is reported to be one of the richest sources of omega-3 fatty acids that are required for the health of almost all body systems .Flax Seed Oil is used for skin conditions such 
as eczema, psoriasis, burns, inflammatory skin and others . The skin absorbs some of the essential fatty acids of flax seed oil that are necessary for healthy cellular activity and regeneration. People suffering from eczema and psoriasis should try adding flax seed oil to their diet as well as to use it on the skin. The anti-inflammatory benefits of flax seed oil can be experienced when flax seed oil is used externally or internally. 

Glycerin:The reaction of fatty acids in oils and hydroxide ions in the lye solution forms glycerin. Humectant, retains moisturer. Industrial manufacturers remove this glycerin and sell it as a product. 

Goats Milk : Skin benefits from contact with whey protein and lactic acid. Lactic acid helps smooth skin by exfoliation, and milk also contains Vitamins A and D, whose benefits include giving skin strength and suppleness. Goat's milk has the same ph as human skin & also contains alpha-hydroxy acids, which are known for their restorative and rejuvenating qualities.

Hemp Oil: protein, vitamins, enzymes, Uses: easily absorbed by the skin, moisturizing qualities, heals dry skin & minor burns.

Jojoba Oil: is good for inflamed skins, psoriasis, eczema, acne, hair care, highly penetrative. It plays the role of sebum and moisturizes our skin and hair when our body stops doing it naturally. On the other hand, too much sebum, which happens during puberty or when hormone levels are high, can result in oily skin and acne. Jojoba oil removes sticky buildup or excess oil, too; it keeps your oil levels balanced. That makes it a strong natural treatment for eczema as well as home remedy for acne, plus well suited for other dry-skin conditions.

Neem Oil: relieves dry skin. It soothes itchiness, redness and irritation. It improves general skin health and immunity, combating bacterial infections, as in acne, boils and ulcers. a natural treatment for severe skin conditions like acne, eczema and psoriasis.

Oatmeal: helps to relieve dryness, restoring natural moisture balance, soothes skin irritation and reduce discomfort.

Organic Extra Virgin Olive Oil: protein, minerals, vitamins, Uses: holds moisture close to the skin and forms a breathable film to prevent loss in internal moisture. Where soaps are often milled, olive oil soaps tend to be hard, synthetic additives often contribute to this consistency.

Palm Kernel Oil: very hard and lather beautifully, moisturizing, too much can be drying.

Organic Palm Oil: high percentage of free fatty acids, used with olive and coconut produces a nice bar.
Safflower Oil: protein, minerals, vitamins, moisturizing qualities.

Saponification: uniting of the fats and oils with sodium hydroxide produce soap. Means "the making of Soap"

Dead Sea Salt: has been used for centuries to promote health and wellness, treat skin disorders, detoxify the body and prevent illness. Dead Sea salt differs from regular sea salt in that it has a much lower sodium content, balanced by minerals that feed and nourish the skin and body. A Dead Sea salt scrub is one of many ways to receive the therapeutic and beautifying benefits of this mineral-rich substance. Smooths and softens skin Encourages skin to renew itself

Shea Butter: able to moisturize and nourish the skin,

Sunflower Oil: vitamins, minerals, moisturizing slightly oily protective layer on the skin that holds in moisture. contains tocopherols (vitamin E) natural antioxidants that resist rancidity.

Titanium Dioxide: A metal oxide used as an approved whitening agent commonly used in natural cosmetics.

Tocopherols: Known as Vitamin E; fat-soluble antioxidant,

Wheat germ Oil: protein, minerals, vitamins, Uses: good for eczema, psoriasis, prematurely aged skin. High in Vitamin E.
100% Pure Essential Oils
Aniseed:(Pimpinella anisum) balances emotions; known by fisherman to attract fish and mask human scent.

Bay Oil:(Pimenta racemosa) improves blood flow in hair follicles, fights bacteria.

Bergamot:(Citrus aurantium)oil's antiseptic action makes it useful for the treatment of acne and skin infections like psoriasis.

Calendula (Calendula officinalis L.) Plant pharmacological studies have suggested that Calendula extracts have anti-viral, anti-genotoxic and anti-inflammatory properties soothing irritated tissue.

Cedarwood: Atlas stimulates hair follicles, improves hair growth.

Chamomile Roman(Anthemis nobilis) fruity, sweet, fresh, herbaceous, rather apple-like; Uses: skin problems such as rashes, eczema.

Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylancium) warm, spicy, sweet, smoky; Uses: Infections, coughs, colds, flu, arthritis, rheumatism. Not to be used in pregnancy or children under 18 or people with sensitive skin.

​Clary sage has an important ester called linalyl acetate, which is a naturally occurring phytochemical found in many flowers and spice plants. This ester reduces skin inflammation and works as a natural remedy for rashes; it also regulates the production of oil on the skin. Clary sage oil works similarly to jojoba oil in this regard, so combining the two makes for a perfect skin moisturizer that will keep the skin even throughout the day.

Frankincense (Boswellia carterii) warm, sweet, balsamic, spicy, incense-like; Uses: skin diseases or disorders, circulation problems.

Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens) antibacterial. known for its healing effects on the skin. It is used to soothe dry skin, reduce cellulite through massage, and even to help clear the complexions of those with naturally oily skin. Because geranium oil is an astringent, it induces contractions in several parts of the body. It has the power to minimize the look of wrinkles because it tightens facial skin and slows down the effects of aging.

Grapefruit (Citrus paradisi) warm, sweet, fresh citrus;Uses: muscle fatigue, stiffness, cellulite, headaches, acne, antiseptic, disinfectant, detoxification.
Lavender (Lavendula angustifolia) Fresh, herbaceous, floral; Uses :cuts, burns, rheumatism, eczema, sunburn, insect bites, migraine, arthritis, rashes, can be used safely on children.

Lavender 40/42 has the most floral scent of all the Lavenders, though it’s therapeutic levels are the lowest. Nonetheless, it is recognized as having some strong properties Some being antimicrobal, antiseptic, deodorant. The reason is that the 40 – 42 refers to the standardization of both Linalool and Linalyl acetate having anti-inflamitory properties and resulting in a very consistent floral scent.

Lemon (Citrus limonum) clean, fresh, citrus; Uses: infections, detoxification, acne, colds, skin care.

Lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) lemony, straw like, green; Uses:helps strengthen hair follicles, fights infections, acne, cellulite, skin care.

Lime (Key Lime)(Citrus aurantifolia) refreshing and uplifting oil, can be used to relieve mental exhaustion.

Melissa (Melissa officinalis) Citrus, light, fresh; Uses: calming, menstrual pain, stress.

Sweet Orange (Citrus sinensis) fresh, fruity, tangy, sweet; Uses: helps eliminate toxins, skin care, antiseptic, disinfectant.

Palmarosa (Cymbopogon martini) Sweet, rosy, floral, lemony; Uses: acne, scarring, tissue regeneration, skin care, athlete's foot and other fungal infections, eczema.

Patchouli (Pogostemon Cablin) Earthy, sweet, herbaceous, smoky; Uses: fungal infections, bacterial infections, dandruff, insect repellent, insect bites, athlete's foot, dermatitis. parasites, helps eliminate toxins.

Peppermint (Mentha piperita) Camphorous, minty, fresh; Uses: headaches, nausea, coughs, infections, poor circulation. Not to be used in pregnancy or on children under seven years.

Petitgrain (Citrus aurantium) warm, sharp, woody ,floral; Uses: calming, acne, skin care.

Pine(Pinus sylvestris) Crisp, clean fresh; Uses: rheumatism, coughs, asthma, cellulite,.

French Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) Camphor like, woody, herbaceous; Uses: rheumatism, arthritis, helps eliminate toxins, acne, cellulite, skin care, hair care.

Tea Tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) sharp, spicy, warm, camphorous; Uses: rashes, insect bites nail fungus, dermatitis, ringworm head lice, acne.

Ylang Ylang (Canangium odorata) sweet, intense, balsamic, floral; Uses: skin care, regulates circulation.

Cavitch, Susan Miller. The Soap Makers Companion. North Adams: Storey Publishing, 1997.
"Lavender 40/42 Essential Oil." New Directions Aromatics Inc. (2007)
http://www.newdirectionsaromatics.com/lavender-4042-essential-oil-p-274.html.
Worwood, Susan and Valerie Ann Worwood. Essential Aromatherapy. Novato: New World Library, 2003.
Worwood, Valerie Ann. The Complete Book of Essential Oils and Aromatherapy. Novato: New World Library, 1991.






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